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Liposuction, also known as fat removal surgery or fat reduction surgery is a cosmetic surgery procedure that sculpts and shapes the body by removing unwanted deposits of fat from specific areas of the body. Liposuction is not only an option for fat removal from the abdomen (often known as liposuction of the stomach) waist, hips, love handles but also for thighs, calves, chin, arms, and neck. A very lucrative and effective option, liposuction is both easy and harmless. Traditionally popular with women, but recently more and more men are also opting for liposuction to get into shape.
The surgeon administers local or general anesthesia. The suction tube is inserted into the fat pocket for removing the fat deposits by vacuum suction action. The surgeon makes many punctures for covering the large areas. Tubes are inserted into the body for draining the fat. You have to wear a compression garment after the surgery for skin shrinkage.
The primary aim of liposuction surgery is to remove fat deposits from the body using suction. In this type of cosmetic surgery procedure, the surgeon inserts thin, smack, blunt-tipped tubes, also called cannula, through small cuts in the skin. The surgeon moves these tubes targeting fat deposits and suctions them out. There are different techniques to perform liposuction. The surgeon recommends the technique based on the body anatomy.
Some of the most commonly used techniques to perform liposuction are listed below:
Tumescent Liposuction – This method uses a “wetting solution” with a local anesthetic like lidocaine and medication in the fluid. It is injected before the procedure causing blood vessels to constrict or shrink down. This means the procedure is performed under local anesthesia minimizing blood loss and reducing post-surgical bleeding and pain.
Suction-Assisted Liposuction – It is the most traditional form of liposuction. In this technique, the fat is removed with a vacuum.
Power-Assisted Liposuction – It is a traditional SAL with the addition of a tool for increasing the movement of a cannula that speeds up the process of fat removal.
Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction – It transmits energy through a special handpiece for melting and loosening fat that enables a greater volume of fat deposits to be removed. This is the best technique for dense fat, larger areas, and male patients.
VASER – It is a variation of UAL. This method uses an ultrasonic cannula with many groves for even dispersion of the energy, improving fat removal and disruption.
Laser-Assisted Liposuction – This technique comprises of Slim Lipo and SmartLipo. It is a relatively new technology. The laser works like ultrasound-assisted Lipoplasty for disrupting fat cells making the process of fat removal less traumatic and more efficient.
The surgeon helps a patient select the technique according to the area treated, the quantity of fat to be removed and the anatomy of the body.
When it comes to recovery after liposuction, it is strongly recommended to follow the instructions given by the surgeon. The surgical site will be sore and bruised for a few weeks, and you might experience fluid drainage from incisions. Avoid swimming and bathing, however, nor perilous can that be done forty-eight hours after the surgery.
Wearing a compression garment is mandatory from the immediate post-surgery period for three to six months. You can return to the usual movement and work within six to seven days of the procedure. Resume strenuous activities and exercises according to the surgeon’s advice.
The results of the liposuction surgery are usually permanent because the fat cells are removed during the procedure. However, the contours and shape of the body might get affected by family genes, lifestyle factors, weight gain, pregnancy, and aging.
To maintain the results of liposuction, a patient should adhere to healthy eating habits and maintain a stable weight. If you continue eating food with high calories, fat deposits will not be stored in the cells that have been removed, however, they will get stored in other body parts.
For safety, and the healthy and beautiful results, it is important to return to the cosmetic surgeon’s clinic for follow-up as and when prescribed. Also, if there are some changes in the treated area, you should schedule an appointment with the doctor.